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ISO Certificate: ISO 3807:2013 Acetylene cylinders

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SINOGES™ OEM Factory ISO 3807 + TPED STANDARD Cylinder for dissolved acetylene gas PRODUCT type approval certificate
SINOGES™ OEM Factory ISO 3807 + TPED STANDARD Cylinder for dissolved acetylene gas PRODUCT type approval certificate

Understanding ISO 3807:

A Comprehensive Guide to ISO 3807:2013 Gas cylinders – Acetylene cylinders Basic requirements and type testing Certificates


1. Overview of the ISO 3807 standard

The ISO 3807 standard sets guidelines for the manufacture, inspection, and testing of refillable welded steel gas cylinders specifically designed for the storage and transport of acetylene. Acetylene is a highly reactive and flammable gas commonly used in welding and cutting processes, making the safety standards for its storage particularly critical. Here’s an overview of the key aspects of the ISO 3807 standard:

  1. Scope:

    • ISO 3807 covers refillable welded steel cylinders intended for the storage and transport of acetylene. It defines the requirements for material, construction, and workmanship, ensuring the cylinders are capable of safely handling the specific characteristics of acetylene.
  2. Material Specifications:

    • The standard specifies the types of steel materials suitable for constructing these cylinders. It includes requirements for the chemical composition, mechanical properties, and other characteristics essential for ensuring the safety and durability of the cylinders.
  3. Design and Construction:

    • ISO 3807 provides guidelines on the design and construction of acetylene cylinders. This includes specifications for the cylinder’s shape, dimensions, and wall thickness.
    • It also addresses the design requirements for safety features like fusible plugs, which are crucial for preventing over-pressurization and potential explosions.
  4. Testing and Inspection Requirements:

    • The standard mandates rigorous testing procedures to ensure the integrity and safety of the cylinders. This includes hydrostatic testing, leakage tests, and non-destructive testing methods.
    • Regular inspections and retesting are also outlined to ensure the cylinders remain safe throughout their service life.
  5. Filling Requirements:

    • Specific filling requirements for acetylene cylinders are outlined, considering the unique properties of acetylene, such as its instability and tendency to decompose under certain conditions.
  6. Marking and Identification:

    • ISO 3807 specifies the markings that must be present on cylinders, including the manufacturer’s identification, serial number, test pressure, date of manufacture, and a reference to the ISO 3807 standard. These markings are essential for traceability, safety, and regulatory compliance.
  7. Safety Precautions:

    • Given the reactive nature of acetylene, the standard includes safety precautions and guidelines for handling, storage, and transport.
  8. Global Recognition:

    • As an ISO standard, ISO 3807 is recognized internationally, facilitating the global trade of acetylene cylinders and ensuring a consistent level of safety and quality worldwide.
  9. Certification and Compliance:

    • Manufacturers of acetylene cylinders are required to obtain certification to ensure compliance with ISO 3807, involving an audit of the manufacturing process and product testing by an accredited body.

In summary, ISO 3807 provides a comprehensive framework for the safety and reliability of welded steel acetylene cylinders, addressing the unique risks associated with acetylene. Compliance with this standard is crucial for manufacturers, suppliers, and users to ensure safe handling and transport of acetylene in various industrial applications.

2. Key Aspects of the ISO 3807 standard

The ISO 3807 standard provides detailed specifications for refillable welded steel gas cylinders intended for the storage and transport of acetylene, a highly flammable and reactive gas. Here are the key aspects of the ISO 3807 standard:

  1. Material and Construction:

    • Specifies the types of steel and construction methods suitable for manufacturing acetylene cylinders. It includes guidelines on material selection to ensure durability and resistance to the unique properties of acetylene.
  2. Design Requirements:

    • Outlines the design criteria for acetylene cylinders, including dimensions, shape, and wall thickness. The design must ensure structural integrity under pressure and during handling.
  3. Safety Features:

    • Includes requirements for safety features such as fusible plugs or valves designed to prevent accidents in cases of excessive pressure or temperature.
  4. Manufacturing Process:

    • Details the manufacturing process, including welding, heat treatment, and finishing procedures to ensure the cylinders meet the necessary safety standards.
  5. Testing and Inspection:

    • Specifies testing procedures to verify the strength and leak-tightness of the cylinders. This includes hydrostatic testing, tensile strength testing, and impact testing.
    • Regular inspections and retesting are recommended to maintain safety standards throughout the cylinder’s service life.
  6. Marking and Labeling:

    • Requires specific markings on each cylinder, including the manufacturer’s identification, serial number, test pressure, date of manufacture, and a reference to ISO 3807. This ensures traceability and helps in the inspection, refilling, and maintenance of the cylinders.
  7. Filling and Handling Instructions:

    • Provides guidelines for the safe filling, handling, and transportation of acetylene cylinders, considering the gas’s flammability and reactivity.
  8. Storage and Transportation:

    • Addresses the storage and transportation requirements for acetylene cylinders to prevent accidents and ensure the safe handling of the gas.
  9. Certification:

    • Manufacturers seeking ISO 3807 certification must undergo a thorough evaluation process by an accredited body to ensure compliance with the standard.
  10. Global Acceptance:

  • As an international standard, ISO 3807 is widely recognized and facilitates the global trade of acetylene cylinders while maintaining consistent safety levels.

In summary, the ISO 3807 standard plays a crucial role in ensuring the safety and reliability of acetylene cylinders. It covers every aspect of the cylinder’s life cycle, from manufacturing and testing to marking, filling, handling, and transportation, thereby protecting users and handlers from the potential hazards associated with acetylene.

3. Importance of the ISO 3807 standard

The ISO 3807 standard, which specifies requirements for refillable welded steel gas cylinders used to store acetylene, is critically important for several reasons. Its role in ensuring safety, regulatory compliance, and operational efficiency in the handling of acetylene cylinders is paramount. Here are the key points highlighting its importance:

  1. Enhanced Safety: The primary importance of ISO 3807 is in ensuring the safety of acetylene cylinders. Acetylene is a highly flammable and reactive gas, and its safe containment is crucial to prevent accidents such as explosions, fires, or gas leaks. The standard’s stringent requirements for materials, design, construction, and testing minimize these risks.

  2. Consistency in Manufacturing: ISO 3807 provides consistent guidelines for the manufacture of acetylene cylinders, ensuring uniformity in quality and safety standards globally. This consistency is crucial for manufacturers, suppliers, and users in maintaining trust in the products.

  3. Global Recognition and Trade: As an internationally recognized standard, ISO 3807 facilitates global trade in acetylene cylinders. Manufacturers complying with this standard can access a broader market, as their products are likely to be accepted in countries that recognize ISO standards.

  4. Regulatory Compliance: Compliance with ISO 3807 helps manufacturers meet national and international regulatory requirements. Many regulatory bodies reference ISO standards in their regulations, making compliance essential for legal and commercial operations.

  5. User Confidence: Adherence to ISO 3807 instills confidence among end-users regarding the safety and reliability of acetylene cylinders. This confidence is crucial in industries where safety is paramount, such as welding, chemical manufacturing, and metal fabrication.

  6. Risk Management: By following ISO 3807, manufacturers and users of acetylene cylinders can effectively manage risks associated with the storage and transport of acetylene, reducing the likelihood of accidents and associated liabilities.

  7. Innovation and Improvement: The standard encourages innovation and continuous improvement in cylinder technology and manufacturing processes. It sets a benchmark that drives the industry towards higher safety and quality standards.

  8. Environmental Protection: Safe containment and handling of acetylene, as guided by ISO 3807, also contribute to environmental protection by preventing gas leaks that could be harmful to the environment.

  9. Operational Efficiency: For businesses that use acetylene cylinders, compliance with ISO 3807 can streamline operations by ensuring the use of standardized, high-quality equipment, reducing downtime and maintenance issues.

  10. Legal and Insurance Considerations: Compliance with internationally recognized standards like ISO 3807 can also impact legal and insurance aspects, often resulting in more favorable insurance premiums and terms due to the reduced risk profile.

In summary, the ISO 3807 standard is critical for ensuring the safe and efficient use of acetylene cylinders. It provides a comprehensive framework that addresses the unique challenges posed by acetylene, thereby safeguarding users, the public, and the environment. Compliance with this standard is vital for manufacturers and users alike, contributing significantly to overall safety in industries where acetylene is used.

4. Difference Between The ISO 3807 Standard And Other Similar Standards In The Global Markets

The ISO 3807 standard, focusing on refillable welded steel gas cylinders for acetylene, is one of several standards globally that govern the safety and quality of gas cylinders. Understanding the differences between ISO 3807 and other similar standards in global markets is important for manufacturers, distributors, and users of these cylinders. Here’s how ISO 3807 compares to other relevant standards:

  1. ISO 3807 vs. ISO 9809 Series:

    • ISO 3807 specifically addresses welded steel cylinders for acetylene. It includes unique requirements related to acetylene’s reactive properties, such as fusible plugs and specific design considerations.
    • ISO 9809 (Parts 1, 2, and 3) covers seamless steel gas cylinders for various gases but not specifically for acetylene. The focus is more on the material (steel), design, and construction suitable for a broad range of gases.
  2. ISO 3807 vs. U.S. DOT Standards (e.g., DOT-4 or DOT-8 Series):

    • U.S. DOT standards, such as DOT-4 and DOT-8 series, are specific to the United States and include detailed requirements for cylinders used for different types of gases, including acetylene. These standards might have different specifications for design, testing, and markings compared to ISO 3807.
    • The key difference lies in the regulatory and compliance focus, with DOT standards being mandatory within the U.S. and ISO standards having a broader international acceptance.
  3. ISO 3807 vs. European Norms (EN):

    • European Norms, like EN 13322-1, cover welded steel cylinders for acetylene with similar objectives to ISO 3807. However, EN standards may include additional or modified requirements to align with specific European regulations and practices.
  4. ISO 3807 vs. Composite Cylinder Standards (e.g., ISO 11119):

    • Standards like ISO 11119 are designed for composite gas cylinders made from materials like carbon fiber or fiberglass, which differ significantly from the steel cylinders covered by ISO 3807. The manufacturing processes, testing methods, and application scenarios vary greatly.
  5. ISO 3807 vs. Other National Standards:

    • Various countries may have their national standards for acetylene cylinders, which might align closely with ISO 3807 but also include country-specific requirements or adaptations based on local industry practices and regulatory environments.
  6. ISO 3807 vs. ISO 4706 (LPG Cylinders):

    • ISO 4706 specifies requirements for refillable welded steel gas cylinders for Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). While similar in addressing welded steel cylinders, ISO 4706 differs from ISO 3807 in its focus on LPG, which has different properties and handling requirements compared to acetylene.

Understanding these differences is crucial for ensuring compliance with the appropriate standards based on the type of gas, cylinder material, and geographical location. While all these standards share the common goal of ensuring safety and reliability, their specific requirements can vary according to the gas type, cylinder material, and regional regulatory requirements.

5. How to obtain the certificate according to the ISO 3807 standard

Obtaining certification according to the ISO 3807 standard, which sets out the requirements for refillable welded steel gas cylinders specifically designed for acetylene, involves a detailed process to ensure compliance with the standard’s safety and quality specifications. Here’s a general outline of the steps involved:

  1. Understand the Standard:

    • Gain a thorough understanding of ISO 3807, including its requirements for materials, design, manufacturing, testing, and marking of acetylene cylinders.
  2. Design and Prototype Development:

    • Develop a cylinder design that meets the specifications outlined in ISO 3807. This includes selecting appropriate materials and incorporating safety features specific to acetylene, such as fusible plugs.
    • Create a prototype for testing and evaluation.
  3. Align Manufacturing Processes:

    • Ensure that your manufacturing processes, including welding and heat treatment, align with the standard’s requirements. This might involve adjusting current manufacturing practices or investing in new technologies.
  4. Conduct Required Testing:

    • Perform all necessary tests as mandated by ISO 3807. This includes hydrostatic testing, tensile strength testing, and other relevant tests to ensure the integrity and safety of the cylinders.
  5. Implement Quality Control Measures:

    • Establish strict quality control procedures to ensure each cylinder meets the standard’s requirements. This includes regular monitoring and inspection throughout the manufacturing process.
  6. Engage a Third-Party Certification Body:

    • Choose a recognized and accredited third-party certification body to assess your compliance with ISO 3807.
    • The certification process typically involves an audit of your manufacturing processes, material testing, and examination of the finished cylinders.
  7. Submit Documentation for Certification:

    • Prepare and submit all necessary documentation, including test reports, quality control records, and details of the manufacturing process, to the certification body.
  8. Certification Audit:

    • Undergo a certification audit where the certifying body will assess your compliance with ISO 3807. This may involve on-site inspections, review of documentation, and testing of sample cylinders.
  9. Rectify Any Non-Compliances:

    • If any non-compliances are found, take corrective actions as required and document these changes.
  10. Obtain Certification:

  • Once the certification body is satisfied with the compliance, they will issue a certificate stating that your cylinders meet the requirements of ISO 3807.
  1. Maintain Compliance:
  • After obtaining certification, maintain ongoing compliance with the standard. This includes regular re-audits, quality checks, and staying updated with any amendments or revisions to ISO 3807.
  1. Training and Documentation:
  • Ensure that staff is adequately trained in ISO 3807 requirements and maintain comprehensive documentation for ongoing compliance and quality assurance.

Obtaining ISO 3807 certification is a testament to a manufacturer’s commitment to safety and quality, particularly in the handling and storage of acetylene. This certification not only enhances product safety but also facilitates market access and customer trust.

Other related ISO and Industrial Standard for gas cylinders

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